The amnion is the innermost layer of the placenta. In human medicine, it is ethically sourced only through live cesarean deliveries, and amnion injections are FDA-regulated. Amnion cells offer a multipotent mix of natural factors that promote tissue healing better than any synthetic drug. For many years, amnion cells have been reduced to films used by surgeons to ensure wound healing and minimal scarring. At Primary Spine & Rehab, amnion cells have been converted to an injectable solution. A clinician uses ultrasound guidance to precisely inject a small amount of the amnion solution where healing is needed. Many chronic pain conditions such as tennis elbow (epicondylosis), heel spurs (plantar fasciosis), shoulder impingement (rotator cuff tendinosis), etc. result from the body's failed healing response in areas with limited blood flow. Amnion injections have been shown to improve even the most treatment-resistant tendon and ligament disorders with only one shot.
Physical therapy and other treatments may be recommended, but most of the research showing the effectiveness of amnion injections involves only one shot. A clinician will use ultrasound imaging to know exactly where your lesion is located and exactly where the needle is placed. In other types of therapies, injections performed without ultrasound guidance have been shown to be less effective. Then the solution will be injected.
This type of treatment goes by many names. We refer to it here using the the general term amnion injection. Scientific literature often uses the generic term dehydrated amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) allografts. Competing laboratories produce amnion injectables, some with different advantages, each with different trade names. Trade names for amnion injections include AmnioFix®, Amnioflo®, BioRenew®, PTM Therapy®, etc.
Not to be confused with embryonic stem cells, amnionic cells give us most of the regenerative factors and properties of stem cells with non-controversial collection only through healthy ceasarean deliveries. For medical treatments, federal law prohibits the use of cells collected by any means other than live birth. For millennia, humanity has simply discarded amnionic material from birth. In the 21st century, medical science is finally coming to understand the healing factors in the human body and the value of healing factors that can be derived from amniotic material. The practice of regenerative medicine studies how to use this science and help the body heal itself.