Research Library

Lumbar Instability and Stabilization Training Evidence

Cook, C., Brismee, J., Sizer, P. (2006)  Subjective and objective descriptors of clinical lumbar spine instability: a Delphi study.  Manual Therapy, 11 (1), 11-21.

Cornwall, J., Harris, J., Mercer, S. (2006)  The lumbar multifidus & patterns of pain.  Manual Therapy, 11 (1), 40-45.

Danneels, L., Vanderstraeten, G., Cambier, D., Witvrouw, E., Dankaerts, W. (2001)  Effects of three different training modalities on the cross sectional area of the lumbar multifidus muscle in patients with chronic low back pain.  British Journal of Sports Medicine, 35, 186-191.

Cholewicki, J., McGill, S. (1996)  Mechanical stability of the in vivo lumbar spine: implications for injury and chronic low back pain.  Clinical Biomechanics, 11, 1-15.

Gardner-Morse, M., Stokes, I., Laible, J. (1995)  Role of muscles in lumbar spine stability in maximum extensor efforts.  Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 13, 802.

Kader, D., Wardlaw, D., Smith, F. (2000)  Correlation between the MRI changes in the lumbar multifidus muscles and leg pain.  Clinical Radiology, 55, 145-149.

Kavcic, N., Grenier, S., McGill, S. (2004)  Determining the stabilizing role of individual torso muscles during rehabilitation exercises.  Spine, 29 (11), 1254-1265.

Hides, J., Richardson, C., Jull, G., (1996).  Multifidus recovery is not automatic following resolution of acute first episode of low back pain.  Spine, 21 (23), 2763-2769.

Hides, J., Jull, G., Richardson, C. (2001)  Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first-episode low back pain.  Spine, 26 (11), E243-E248.

Holm, S., Indahl, A., Solomonow, M. (2002)  Sensorimotor control of the spine.  Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 12, 219-234.

Maigne, J., Lapeyre, E., Morvan, G. (2003)  Pain immediately upon sitting down and relieved by standing is often associated with radiologic lumbar instability or marked anterior loss of disc space.  Spine, 28, 1327-1334.

Mannion, A. (1999)  Fibre type characteristics and function of the human paraspinal muscles: normal values and changes in association with low back pain.  Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 9 (4), 363-377.

McGill, S., Childs, A., Liebenson, C. (1999)  Endurance times for low back stabilization exercises: clinical targets for testing and training from a normal database.  Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 80, 941-944. 

Mens, J., Snijders, C., Stam, H. (2000)  Diagonal trunk muscle exercises in peripartum pelvic pain: a randomized clinical trial.  Physical Therapy, 80 (12), 1164-1173. 

Nachemson, A. (1985) Lumbar spine instability: a critical update and symposium summary.  Spine, 10, 290-291.

Ogon, M., Bender, B., Hooper, D. (1997)  A dynamic approach to spinal instability, part II: hesitation and giving way during interspinal motion.  Spine, 22, 2859-2866.

O’Sullivan, P., Twomey, L., Allison, G. (1997)  Evaluation of specific stabilizing exercise in the treatment of chronic low back pain with radiologic diagnosis of spondylolysis or spondylolisthesis.  Spine, 22 (24), 2959-2967.

O’Sullivan, P. (2000)  Lumbar segmental instability: clinical presentation and specific stabilizing exercise management.  Manual Therapy, 5 (1), 2-12.

O’Sullivan, P., Beales, D., Beetham, J. (2002) Altered motor control strategies in subjects with sacroiliac joint pain during the active straight-leg-raise test. Spine, 27 (1), E1-E8.

O’Sullivan, P., Burnett, A., Floyd, A., et al. (2003) Lumbar repositioning deficit in a specific low back pain population. Spine, 28, 1074-1079.

O’Sullivan, P. (2005) Diagnosis and classification of chronic low back pain disorders: maladaptive movement and motor control impairments as underlying mechanism.  Manual Therapy, 10 (7), 242-255.

Paris, S. (1985) Physical signs of instability.  Spine, 10, 277-279.

Richardson, C., Jull, G. (1995)  Muscle control – pain control. What exercises would you prescribe?  Manual Therapy, 1 (1), 2-10.

Richardson, C., Jull, G., Hodges, P., Hides, J. (1999)  Therapeutic exercise for spinal segmental stabilization in low back pain.  Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

Stuge, B., Veierod, M., Vollestad, N. (2004)  The efficacy of a treatment program focusing on specific stabilizing exercises for pelvic girdle pain after pregnancy.  Spine, 29 (10), E197-E203.

Stuge, B., Holm, I., Vollestad, N. (2006)  To treat or not to treat postpartum pelvic girdle pain with stabilizing exercises?  Manual Therapy, 11 (4), 337-343.